पूर्वांचल/गोरखपुर ( Gorakhpur)

उत्तर प्रदेश  के पूर्वांचल में गोरखपुर, बाबा गोरखनाथ के नाम से सुविख्यात अनेक पुरातात्विक, अध्यात्मिक, सांस्कृतिक एवं प्राकृतिक धरोहरों को समेटे हुए है। 
मुंशी प्रेमचन्द की कर्मस्थली व फिराक गोरखपुरी की जन्मस्थली के रुप मे गोरखपुर, पूर्वांचल के गौरव का प्रतीक है। 
तीर्थाकर महावीर, करुणावतार गौतम बुद्ध, संत कवि कबीरदास एवं गुरु गोरक्षनाथ ने जनपद के गौरव को राष्ट्रीय व अन्तराष्ट्रीय स्तर पर प्रतिस्थापित किया । 
अमर शहीद पं0 राम प्रसाद बिस्मिल, बन्धु सिंह व चौरीचौरा आन्दोलन के शहीदों की शहादत स्थली गोरखपुर रही है । 
हस्तकला ‘टैराकोटा’ के लिए प्रसिद्ध व आधुनिक गोरखपुर का वर्तमान स्वरुप, मूलभूत सुविधा सम्पन्न, पर्यटकों को आकर्षित करता है। विगत वर्षों से गोरखपुर जनपद विकास के पथ पर अग्रसर है ।

Origin Of Name
The district Gorakhpur takes its name and fame from renowned, ascetic ‘Gorakshnath‘, who was an eminent profounder saint of ‘Nath Sampradaya’. A famous shrine ‘Gorakhnath’ was built in his honour on the same spot where he practised austerities.
The ancient Gorakhpur, in addition to modern, comprised the districts of Basti, Deoria, Azamgarh and parts of Nepal tarai. These region, which may be called as Gorakhpur Janpad, had been an important centre of Aryan culture and civilization.
Gorakhpur was a part of the famous kingdom of Koshal, one of sixteen mahajanpadas in 6th Century B.C. The earliest known monarch ruling over this region with his capital at Ayodhya was IKSVAKU, who founded the solar dynasty of Kshatriya. It produced a number of illustratious kings till the accession of Ram, who was the greatest ruler of this dynasty. Since then, it remained an integral part of the erstwhile empires of Maurya, Shunga, Kushana , Gupta and Harsha dynasties. According to tradition, the Tharu king, Mausen of Madan Singh (900-950 A.D.) ruled over Gorakhpur city and the adjoining area.
In medieval period, when the entire northern India lay prostrate before the Muslim ruler, Mohammad Ghori, the Gorakhpur region was not left out. For a longer period it remained under the sway of the muslim rulers, from Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak to Bahadur Shah.Tradition has it that Ala-ud-din Khilji (1296-1316) ordered the conversion of old shrine of Goraksha ( a popular deity ) of Gorakhpur into a mosque. However, on Akbar’s reorganisation of the empire, Gorakhpur gave its name to one of the five Sirkars comprising the province of Avadh.
Modern period was marked by the transfer of this region by the Nawab of Avadh to the East India Company in 1801. With this cession, Gorakhpur was raised to the status of a ‘DISTRICT. The first collector was Mr. Routledge. In 1829, Gorakhpur was made the headquarters of a Division of the same name, comprising the districts of Gorakhpur, Ghazipur and Azamgarh. Mr. R.M. Biad was first appointed Commissioner.
In 1865, new district Basti was carved out from Gorakhpur. The latter was further split up in 1946 to form new district Deoria. The third division of Gorakhpur led to the creation of district Mahrajganj in 1989.
Cultural & Historical Importance
Gorakhpur has its own cultural and historical importance.

* It belongs to the Great Lord Buddha, founderof Buddhism, who renounced his princely costumes at the confluence of rivers Rapti & Rohini  and proceeded further in the quest of truth in 600 BC.
* It is also associated with Lord Mahavir, 24th tirthankar, founder of Jainism.
* The next event of importance was the association of Gorakhpur with Gorakhnath. The date and place of his birth have not yet been finally settled, but it was  probably in the twelfth century that he flourished. His samadhi at Gorakhpur attracts a large number of pilgrims every year.
* The most significant event in the medieval period, however, was the coming of mystic poet and famous saint Kabir to Maghar. Born  in   Varanasi, his workplace  was Maghar  where most of his beautiful poems were composed. It was here that he gave the message to his countrymen to live in peace and religious harmony. The co-existence of ‘Samadhi’ and ‘Makbara’ at his burial place in Maghar attracts a large number of followers.
* Gorakhpur is also identified with the Gita Press, the world famous publisher of the Hindu religious  books. The  most  famous  publication  is   ‘KALYAN’ magazine. All 18 parts of Shree Bhagwat Gita is written on its marble-walls. Other  wall hangings and paintings reveal the events of life of Lord Ram and Krishna. The Gita Press is fore-front in dissemination of religious and spiritual consciousness across the country.
* Gorakhpur rose to great eminence due to the historic ‘CHAURI CHAURA’ incident of 4th Feb., 1922,  which was  a turning -point  in the  history of India’s  freedom  struggle.  Enraged  at the inhuman barbaric atrocities of  the police, the volunteers  burnt down the Chauri-Chaura Police Station,  killing  nineteen  policemen  at the  premises.  With  this  violence,  Mahatma   Gandhi withdrew the Non-Cooperation Movement launched in 1920.
* Another  important event took place at Doharia (In Sahjanwa Tehsil ) on 23rd August,1942. In response to the  famous Quit  India   Movement  of 1942,  a  meeting  was  held to register its protest against  the British  Government at Doharia  but the  latter responded with  unprovoked firing,  killing   nine and  injuring  hundreds. A Shaheed Smarak ,  in their memory, stands there which still today keeps their memory alive.
* The trial of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru  took place in this district in 1940. Here  he was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment of 4 years.
* Gorakhpur is also the Head Quarter of Air Force and known for Cobra Squadran.

Geographical Information

Location and Boundaries

The present district of Gorakhpur, 265 Kms east of capital Lucknow, on National Highway -28 lies between Latitude 26° 46´ N and Longitude 83° 22´ E, covers the geographical area of 3483.8 Sq. km. It is bounded by districts Mahrajganj in the north, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh and Mau in the south, Kushinagar and Deoria in the east and Sant Kabirnagar in the west.

Gorakhpur is an important centre of Eastern U.P. It is the headquarter of North-Eastern Railway.

Air Force Station, and the main terminus for Kushinagar, Kapilvastu and Nepal.

Distance from main Cities (In Km.)























Nepal Border






How to Reach

Rail : Gorakhpur is well connected with all major cities of India. It has computer- reservation facility. Details of Important trains connecting Gorakhpur is given below :

Train No.

Name of Train



Buddha Parikrama Express




Vaishali Express




Shaheed Express




Amrapali Express




Amarnath Express


Jammu Tawi


Lohit Exp.


Jammu Tawi


Purvanchal Exp.




Bagh Express




Rapti Sagar Express




Gkp. Bangalore Exp.




Gkp.-Secunderabad Exp.




Kushinagar Exp.




Gkp.-Ahmedabad Exp.




Sabarmati Express



Roadways : Frequent road-transport is available for all major cities of U.P. The main Bus-stand is near railway station . Buses are available since early in the morning (3.00 Am) till late night, from Gorakhpur to Sanauli. Also, frequent service is available for other routes like Varanasi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi etc. Link service for taking the Sharjah plane is also available, twice a week i.e. Sunday and Wednesday at 6.00 am.

Air : Air Force Station is 8 Km. from the railway station. On 8th March, 2003 it has been inaugurated as a commercial airport. Daily flights are available from Gorakhpur to Delhi and and Calcutta via Lucknow. The timings of the flight available at present are :

Flight From

Departure Time

Flight Destination

Reaching Time


10.00 am


11.20 am


16.50 pm


19.00 pm


7.20 am


9.30 am


3.00 pm


4.30 pm

Another airstrip of U.P. Civil Aviation is also available in Kasia, 55 km. from Gorakhpur in Kushinagar district. Nearest other commercialAirports are Lucknow and Varanasi. For other information regarding flights please see website.


Education as an integral part of development of human resources has received an impetus with the establishment of the University of Gorakhpur. Progress in this sphere has been impressive over years. Gorakhpur has residential University, Engineering College, Medical College and Degree colleges for the students of the eastern region of Uttar Pradesh.

1. Deen Dayal Upadhyay University

Setup in 1957, 25 thousand students at present, are enrolled with approximately 320 teachers. Apart from the general courses, the University offers courses in Bio-Technology, Bio-Chemistry, Computer, Journalism, fine Arts & Music and MBA . It is also the centre of Academic Staff College (under UGC) and Indira Gandhi National Open University( IGNOU). It produced two chief ministers of the State, Shri. Vir Bahadur Singh and Shri. Raj Nath Singh Number of faculty members have held the post of Vice Chancellor, in different Universities with dignity. The prominent Vice Chancellor of Gorakhpur University were Prof. R.P. Rastogi (BHU), Prof. Nagendra (Lucknow), Prof. U.P. Singh (Purvanchal Univ.), Dr. Vidya Niwas Misra (Kashi Vidya Peeth), Prof. V.S. Pathak, Prof. Radhe Mohan& Mishra, Prof. Revati Raman etc. It also gave Directors of Higher Education Commission, Rajarshi Tondon Open University, Secondary Education Commission.

2. B.R.D. Medical College

Established in the year 1969, it is 6th Medical College in Uttar Pradesh. It is named after the prominent Social Worker Baba Raghav Das, a devoted freedom fighter and Sarvadaya Leader of this area. The College is situated 8 kms from the Gorakhpur Railway Station. Professor P.L. Shukla, was the founder Principal and Professor of Anatomy. This institution is affiliated ; with Gorakhpur University. The teaching hospital complex ‘Nehru Chikitsalaya’ came into existence in 1974. It has got 650 indoor beds and out patient departments for various disciplines of medical services.
Since 1980, the College is running Post Graduate training programme also, for the degree of M.S. & M.D. in Anatomy, Surgery, orthopaedics, Obst.& Gynaecology, Opthalmology, Phisiology, Pharmacology, Pathology, Anaesthesiology, Pediatrics, Medicine, Skin & V.D. etc. In addition to these courses, it also runs diploma courses, of the above listed departments. For further information please

3. M.M.M.Engineering College

Madan Mohan Malviya Engineering College was founded in 1962 to provide engineering and technical education for the development of the backward districts of eastern U.P. The college runs Under Graduate Programme in Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics & Communication and Computer Science. In addition to regular courses, it also runs part time Post Graduate Diploma Courses ( evening ) in Computer Application called P.G.D.C.A. and Computer Hardware Maintenance & Networking. Besides teaching & research facilities, the college provides technical know how and consultancy to various industries of this area. For further information

Eminent Personalities

Gorakhpur is proud of having a galaxy of personalities who brought in national and international accolate and glory to the district through their best services in different walks of life. Even today, they are immortalized with institutions named after them.


Raghvendra Rao (original name), born in pune, a staunch patriot and an eminent social worker is popularly known as the Gandhi of Poorvanchal. He aroused cultural and national feelings, spread out education, served the poorest / lepers and sacrificed his life for the socio- economic betterment of the people of Purvanchal. In recognition to his service the medical college is named after him. Also for the shelter of lepers, Kushth Sewa Ashram was set up by him, 1951 at Gorakhpur. The noble saint and philosopher left for his heavenly abode on 15th January, 1958.


Born in Shajahanpur, Ramprasad Bismil was a great revolutionary and believed in armed struggle against the British ruler. As the main accused in the famous Kakori Conspiracy Case (1925) he was hanged to death in Gorakhpur District Jail on 19th Dec.1927. He wrote his autobiography in jail, his last words being ” I wish the downfall of the British Empire”. His martyrdom at prime age inspired the people of Gorakhpur particularly and the nation to advance the freedom struggle to its logical end.


The first great freedom fighter of Gorakhpur, waged Guerilla War with the Britishers, was at last arrested through an informer and hanged at Alinagar Chowk, Gorakhpur on 12th Aug. 1857. His supreme sacrifice remained a perpetual source of inspiration for the people of Gorakhpur till the attainment of freedom.


Original name Raghupati Sahay, a noted Urdu poet, recipient of Gyanpeeth Award belonged to Gorakhpur.


Original name Ganpat Rai, World famous Hindi Writer, was born in Varanasi but Gorakhpur was his work-place. As a writer he got recognition from Gorakhpur during his stay as an Asst. teacher and Hostel Superintendent (1916-1921).


Hanuman Prasad Poddar, lovingly called as Bhaijee, a multifacent personality, an editor of famous religious magazine ‘Kalyan’ is remembered for his untiring efforts to propogate and disseminate Hindu religion across the world.


One of the famous founder of the Hindu Maha Sabha, a great nationalist and follower of yogi Gorakhnath, was closely associated with the famous Gorakhnath temple and established a number of educational institutions in the city. His contribution to the establishment of Gorakhpur University is significant.


Pt. Surti Narayan Mani Tripathi was the First ICS of UP State. He has held many important posts including the post of District Magistrate – Gorakhpur. That was the time when Pt. S.N.M. Tripathi took a vow to build an University in Gorakhpur. He was the Founder President of the Gorakhpur University. Other personalities like Mahant Digvijaynath, Shri Hanuman Prasad Poddar, Sardar Majithia were also members of the foundation team.

Pt. Dashrath Prasad Dwivedi

An editor of ‘Swadesh’ is known for his patriotic writings-editing.


Vir Bahadur Singh, real son of the soil, ex. Chief Minister of U.P. and Central Cabinet Minister of Communication, is widely remembered as the architect of modern Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur is indebted to him for ushering a series of developmental activities, the prominent being upgradation of the city Gorakhpur to B class and Nagar Nigam, creation of Gorakhpur Development Authority, construction of residential colonies, openeing of Sports College, Mahila I.T.I. and Navodaya Vidhyalaya, ambitous Ramgarh Project, Entertainment and Amusement Parks and widening of Roads.

Sir Surjit Singh Majithia

An Industrialist, founder of Sardar Nagar Sugar Mill and others. Sports loving and known for his charitable works.

Dr. Vidya Niwas Misra

Eminent Scholar of Hindi, Sanskrit Litrature resident of Gola Tehsil of Gorakhpur District. Padmeshree Awardee.

Smt. Janaki Devi

An Illiterate activist who reformed the people of many villages and is popular for her Social Activities. Resident of a Village of Pipraich Block, District Magistrate of Gorakhpur felicitated her alongwith other officials and public personalities.

Daler Mehndi

Popular Punjabi Singer, started his carrier from Gorakhpur District.

Jafar Gorakhpuri

Popular Filmy Song Writer known for his song ‘Bada Lutfa tha jab …..’ , belongs to Gorakhpur.

Sports Personalities from Gorakhpur

Syed Modi

An ace badminton player of Gorakhpur, eight times national champion(1980-87), recipient of Arjuna Award, winner of Gold Medal in Common Wealth Games(1982), bronze medalist of Asian games (1982), took participation in several international tournaments. He was known as the great stroke player both on forehand and backhand. Unfortunately, his promising life was cut short by the cruel assasin’s bullet on 28th June. 1988.


Narendra Hirwani, born and brought up in Gorakhpur but played Ranji for M.P. State, is the youngest cricket test player and became crickecters of the year (1988). National record of taking maximum number of wickets (16 for 136) in test match( against west Indies at Madras) goes to his credit.

Prem Maya

Hockey Player, represented and captained Indian Women Hockey team. Arjun Awardee.

Late Shri. Janardan Singh

Bharat Bhim and famous wrestler from Gorakhpur.

Panne Lal Yadav

India Fame Wrestler, represented India, in India and abroad. Yash Bahrti Awardee.

Ram Ashray Yadav, Chandra Vijay Singh, Janardan Yadav

Wrestlers, represented India Railways Team as well as Indian Team. All are Yash Bharti Awardee.

One thought on “पूर्वांचल/गोरखपुर ( Gorakhpur)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s